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Hollyleaf cherry

Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia


The hollyleaf cherry is the most widely distributed subspecies of the native holly in California. It grows in the chaparral, sage scrub and oak woodland plant communities. Rounded leaves are deep green and have strongly serrated margins; large clusters of softly fragrant cream colored flowers occur in spring. Many fruit are produced each year that attract birds and other wildlife.

Hollyleaf cherry is well suited for erosion control on slopes, habitat restoration and in ornamental gardens as background shrubs. It is also one of the best choices for use as a medium to large clipped hedge where it can be clipped for very neat character. Old plants can grow quite large in wild habitat, but plants in the garden are usually much smaller and can be pruned to any size. It is well adapted to heat, sun and low amounts of summer moisture.

Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Foliage Character: Evergreen
Habit: Upright, Mounding, Low-branching, Dense
Growth Rate: Moderate
Foliage Color: Dark green
Flower Color: Cream
Flower Season: Spring
Soil Adaptations: Well-draining soil, Moist soil, Deep soil
Exposure Adaptations: Moderate shade, Heat, Drought, All day sun, Partial sun
Function: Screening, Restoration, Parks and open space, Attracts butterflies, Foundations, Hedge, Foliage accent plant, Flowering accent plant, Espalier, Banks, Background plant, Attracts bees, Wildlife value, Slopes
Height: 5 ft. – 30 ft.
Width: 5 ft. – 30 ft.

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