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Chinese flame tree

Koelreuteria bipinnata


The Chinese flame tree develops into a medium to large size deciduous tree with a broad canopy shape, 25-45 ft. high and as wide. Foliage consists of 12-18 in. long bipinnately divided leaves comprised of 6-10 pairs of serrated leaflets, each growing 2-4 in. long. Large numbers of tiny yellow flowers grow on 12-18 in. long terminal racemes for a colorful display in late summer. Flowers are replaced by large papery seed capsules that range in color from pale salmon to pink-red. Seed capsules provide good color value on the tree through late fall.

Chinese flame tree is a popular lawn and garden tree in the Inland Empire where it tolerates heat, sun and winter temperatures below 20°F. It is a moderate to fast growing species that is planted in parks, as street trees and in residential gardens. This tree grows best in loam type soils with deep watering.

Plant Type: Tree
Foliage Character: Winter deciduous
Growth Rate: Moderate, Fast
Foliage Color: Medium green
Flower Color: Yellow
Flower Season: Fall
Soil Adaptations: Well-draining soil, Sand, Loam, Clay, Calcareous soil
Exposure Adaptations: Heat, Frost, All day sun
Function: Specimen, Flowering accent plant
Height: 25 ft. – 45 ft.
Width: 25 ft. – 45 ft.

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