Eastern redbud

Cercis canadensis

Description

Eastern redbud grows into a small to medium size deciduous tree, often with with a low branching habit, 25-35 ft. tall and as wide. Medium green leaves grow 3-6 in. across, and are heart-shaped with a long pointed tip. Clusters of showy magenta flowers occur in early spring and are followed by 3-4 in. long thin bean-type pods. Foliage turns bright yellow-gold in fall.

The Eastern redbud grows naturally throughout the eastern United States and in southern parts of Ontario, Canada. It commonly grows in hardwood forests as an understory plant in valleys, on slopes and in sandy loam soils. It is adapted to cold winters, snow, ample moisture and full sun to partial shade.

The Eastern redbud is a popular tree within the Inland Empire for its size, and the aesthetic appeal of its leaves, flowers and fall color. At the same time, it is not well adapted to hot summer sun, aridity and moisture stress. These conditions burn the leaves and can cause stem die-back, particularly during the long, warm fall seasons common to this region. It is best suited in areas of partial shade cast by buildings or taller trees, in rich loam soils, and with regular moisture throughout the year. It grows well in lawns, courtyards and as a seasonal shade tree.

Plant Type: Tree
Foliage Character: Winter deciduous
Habit: Upright, Multi-trunk, Low-branching
Growth Rate: Fast
Foliage Color: Medium green, Seasonal yellow, Seasonal gold
Flower Color: Magenta
Flower Season: Spring
Soil Adaptations: Well-draining soil, Loam, Deep soil, Clay
Exposure Adaptations: Morning sun, Frost, All day sun, Partial sun
Function: Flowering accent plant, Banks, Attracts butterflies, Wildlife value, Specimen, Slopes, Raised planters
Height: 25 ft. – 35 ft.
Width: 25 ft. – 35 ft.

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